Wages Are Lower in States Where Workers Have Fewer Union Rights

In states that have laws restricting workers’ rights to form strong unions, the average pay for all workers is lower. So-called “right to work” for less laws that limit workers’ rights to collectively bargain contracts (including wages and benefits) are a bad deal for all workers. In 2009, average pay in so-called “right to work” states was 11.1 percent lower than in states where workers have the freedom to form strong unions.

Percentage of Workers
in Unions, 2009
Percentage of Workers in Unions, 2009
Annual Hourly Earnings
(Private Sector), 2009
Annual Hourly Earnings, 2009
Note: “Right to work” for less states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Wyoming.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.  U.S. Census Bureau.

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